If one uses a classically rigorous definition of a tautology, the answer is yes. Classically, a tautology is a statement that is necessarily true by the classical laws of logic (identity, non-contradiction, excluded middle). So, statements such as “if the grass is green then the grass is green” and “all bachelors are unmarried men” are […]

# Tag Archives: epistemology

This question is actually the reverse of what should be asked about this Theorem: why is it so famous within mathematics? Answers by mathematicians to this question assume their conceptual math problems are at the heart of this Theorem and thus ridicule its application to conceptual problems of formal logical explanations for anything else. This […]

In the simplest of terms, code is not language and language is not code even though informally sometimes it is incorrectly called “computer language”. Neither the computer nor any linked community of computers such as the internet speaks a language; humans represent useful language information in their computer use through code. Language consists of and […]

I. Prologue / The Nature of the Problem and Questions Presented The aphorism “people only believe what they want to believe” is a common description by proponents of an observation or argument of their opponents’ beliefs — proponents and opponents in a relative sense, this aphorism is often said simultaneously by all parties having opposing descriptions […]